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Contatta Romolini Immobiliare

With the term farmhouse (or the equivalent country house) we refer to those typical buildings of central Italy’s countryside (Tuscany and Umbria in particular) initially born in the context of métayage (mezzadria in Italian) and then become residences appreciated for their uniqueness.

The origin of the farmhouse we still see nowadays can be traced back to the late Middle Ages, with the rise of a primitive form of métayage. This form of contract included a landowner conceding part of his possession to a farmer (called complant, mezzadro in Italian) tasked with taking care of it. The farmer worked the land splitting 50% of harvest and income with the landowner.

These farmers, for necessity, built their residences with stone and masonry so to be able to live near the fields they were working. The buildings were often laid out onto two (or even more) floors with roof tiles in terracotta and should be able to face all the necessity of the family. The house was often fitted with a farmyard (generally towards the south) where products were processed, and a courtyard to breed small animals (mainly chickens) and the most hulking instruments.

Frequent, but not always present, were a dovecot (providing food and fertilizer), a wood oven for bread preparation, a well (rarely a whole cistern) and several shed used as occasional repair and tool storage room. If vineyards or olive groves were present, the property usually boasted a pressing room for olives and grapes.

During the 18th century, the agricultural reforms promoted by the Grand Duchy of Tuscany gave further impulse to the construction of new farmhouses and this tendency went on until the 20th century when the progressive urbanization of Italy led farmers to abandon the countryside and many of the farmhouses ended up in ruin.

Starting in the 1950s these masterwork were rediscovered and they were attentively restored and transformed into private residences (often luxury ones), Agriturismos and B&B, quickly becoming one of the most appreciated form of property in the region.


FARMHOUSE/COUNTRY HOUSE IN ITALY FOR SALE - TUSCANY AND UMBRIA



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