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Piedmont is the second Italian region for surface (25,387 km²) and the sixth for number of citizens (4,432,252). It borders with France (west), Val d’Aosta (north-west), Switzerland (north), Lombardia (east), Emilia-Romagna (south-east) and Liguria (south). The name Piedmont means literally ‘at the feet of the mountains’ (Pedemontium) and it was chosen because here mountains meet the plains without the presence of the so-called pre-Alps. The landscape is varied with high mountains and rounded hills where some of the most appreciated wines in the world are produced.

Alps mark the borders northbound and westbound: the highest peaks are Monte Rosa and Gran Paradiso, reaching heights over 4,000 m. Ski facilities are pretty common around the mountains of Piedmont. Another well-known mountain is the Monviso, at the feet of which (Pian del Re) the Po river has its springs. The river, which is the longest of Italy (652 km) crosses the region west to east. Piedmont is also famous for its lakes: the most important one is the Lago Maggiore, marking the border with Lombardia to the east. Plain covers the easternmost part of the region, while the most relevant hilly areas are five: Roero, Canavese, Langhe, Monferrato and Colli Tortonesi. Many are the historical and natural landmarks which attract tourist from all over the world each year.

Through Romolini Immobiliare you can buy castles, Agriturismos, medieval villas, wine estate and exclusive villas in the most beautiful areas of Piedmont.

Many and important are the parks, natural reserves and protected areas. Among these, two parks stand out: Gran Paradiso and Val Grande. As far as agriculture is concerned, main products are wheat, grapes, rice, fruits, nuts and cereals.

Piedmont had a central role in the Italian Risorgimento and the following establishment of the new kingdom (1861). The industrialization was quick, and the region underwent a modernization process and became, at the beginning of the 20th century, a relevant industrial area which led the post-war Economic Boom.

The main city of the region is Turin, fourth city in Italy for citizens (behind Rome, Milan and Naples) and historically first capital of the Kingdom of Italy (1861 to 1865). Other provinces are Alessandria, Asti, Biella, Cuneo, Novara, Verbania-Cusio-Ossola and Vercelli.

Piedmontese cuisine offers numerous delicacies and many dishes of the tradition. Among these one can not overlook the bagna cauda, fettuccine with truffles, fondue, the stracotto, Barolo braised meat, Civet hair, Barbera snails, canestrelli and pilot. Two products in particular, the white truffle of Alba and the nuts of Langhe, are known all over the world.

Piedmont is one of the most important regions as far as wines are concerned. Among the best ones there are Barbera, Barolo d’Alba, Barbaresco and Nebbiolo delle Langhe.

The artistic-cultural heritage is also very rich, spanning over two thousand years: Romanesque, Gothic, Neoclassical, Baroque and Contemporary styles are mixed together in a unique blend. The landscape is dotted by Baroque palaces, Royal Residences, castles, thermal cities (for example Vinadio, Acqui Terme, Lurisia and Agliano Terme), destinations of religious tourism (such as the Oropa Shrine) and underground cathedrals.

In the main Piedmontese cities, as well as in the hilly areas of the countryside, by contacting Romolini Immobiliare you can buy or sell luxury villas, castles, wine estates, Agriturismos with villa, luxury apartments and exclusive properties.



Traces of human settlements in Piedmont can be traced back to the Neolithic age. Until the 5th century BC the region hosted a plethora of civilizations: Insubres (celtic group, to the north), Salassi, Taurini, Statelli, Langates and Vegenni. The arrival of Gauls in the following centuries brought an ethnic unity to Piedmont. As for the rest of Italy, the region was conquered by Rome and it was under the Imperial rule that cities like Turin (Augusta Taurinorum) and Ivrea (Eporedia) were founded. With the decline of the Western Roman Empire, Piedmont was one of the first regions to be invaded by Barbarian armies. The region was partially re-unified in the 11th century by Olderico Manfredi II which obtained the two marks of Turin and Ivrea, before leaving them in heritage to his son-in-law Oddone of Savoy. The Savoy family took over the reunification process, but they were delayed by several factors: the rise of autonomous communes and marquisates, the intervention of foreign forces and the involvement of the region in the conflict between the Hapsburg and the Valois for the control over Italy. Only after the peace of Cateau-Cambrésis (1559) Emanuele Filiberto and is successors could finally bring about the unification, completed in 1748 with the Aachen Treaty. After the brief Napoleonic parentheses (1798-1814), Piedmont followed the Kingdom of Sardinia and had a primary role in the Risorgimento for the rise of the United Italy.

With the Restoration, after the Napoleonic Odyssey, the old monarchies were brought back as they were before 1798. In Sardinia, after Emanuel IV of Savoy’s abdication in 1802, Vittorio Emanuele I took the crown. However, Piedmont was already agitated by revolutionary movements: in 1821, students from the University of Turin clashed with royal troops sent to repress the insurrection. Nobody knew that the prince Carlo Albert had given its support to the rebel leader Santorre di Santarosa. On 8 March 1821 the revolt exploded in Alessandria and quickly reached Turin where Vittorio Emanuele I chose to abdicate in favor of Carlo Felice. Since he was in Modena, Carlo Alberto took the regency and proclaimed the constitution, quickly abrogated by his uncle. Austria took advantage of the chaos and attacked Piedmont, whose forces were defeated in Novara. Carlo Felice had many patriots imprisoned and the revolt seemed to be over.

The Savoy succession became an opportunity for Austria in case Vittorio Emanuele I chose as his successor Francesco IV d’Este, related to the Hapsburg. Vittorio Emanuele, however, chose Carlo Alberto as the new king in 1831. In 1848 the Statuto Albertino was adopted and it remained the main constitution of Italy until 1946.

Following the defeat in the first independence war (1848), Piedmont invested in reinforcing its economy under the guidance of Massimo d’Azeglio. The growth and modernization started with the new minister Camillo Benso Count of Cavour (1852), which promoted institutional, administrative and economic reformations. Italian troops were sent in Crimea and had the opportunity of making alliance with several powers in Europe. Modernized the country and reinforced the army, Piedmont (with the silent support of Napoleon III) resolved to start another war. Troops were moved on the banks of the Ticino river to provoke Austria into attacking so to have the French support. The plan worked and Austria was repeatedly defeated. At the end of the conflict Italy gained Lombardia but traded Nice and the Savoy to France as recognition for the help.

In 1860 Garibaldi invaded Sicily and Naples and on 17 March 1861 Vittorio Emanuele II took over Southern Italy and became finally King of Italy. Turin was chosen as capital of Italy and as such remained until 1865 when it was moved to Florence.

Piedmont was a supporting pillar in the economy of the new kingdom, thanks to a quick industrialization which allowed Italy to compete internationally. Many industries, first among them FIAT, were attraction points for migrants all over Italy and had a primary role in forging the Italy we see nowadays.



Piedmont boasts an incredible historic, cultural and artistic heritage. The many monuments are each example of a different époque: Roman, Romanesque, Baroque, Liberty, Art nouveau and Contemporary.

The ample hilly territory of upper and lower Monferrato is dotted by medieval castles among vineyards, while the area of Langhe is famous all over the world for its renowned wines. In this area of Piedmont Romolini Immobiliare offers an ample selection of castles, wine estates, Agriturismos with villa and exclusive properties.

Piedmont also hosts three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Residenze Sabaude (the Savoy Residences), Sacri Monti del Piemonte e della Lombardia (Sacred Mounts of Piedmont and Lombardia) and the wine areas of Langhe-Roero and Monferrato.

The Residenze Sabaude are Palazzo Reale, Palazzo Madama, Palazzo Carignano, Castello del Valentino, Villa della Regina, Reggia di Venaria, Mandria e Borgo Castello, Castello di Rivoli, Palazzina di Caccia di Stupinigi, Castello di Moncalieri, Castello Reale di Racconigi, Castello di Pollenzo, Castello Ducale di Agliè, Castello di Govone and the Castello Reale di Casotto.

With Romolini Immobiliare it is possible to buy or sell castles in several parts of the region.


Torino is the main city of the region and hosts several landmarks and monuments. The most famous landmarks in the city are the Royal Palace, Palazzo Carignano (where the Parliament of the newborn Kingdom of Italy used to assmble), Palazzo Madama and the Mole Antonelliana (a project intended for a never realized sinagogue). Many religious shrines are located in Turin, such as the Duomo, the Basilica in Superga (theater of an aerial accident which led to the death of the whole Turin soccer team in 1949), the Gran Madre di Dio, the Chapel of the Holy Shroud and the Monte dei Cappuccini. Turin is also a cultural landmark, as testified by the notable Royal Theater, some of the most prestigious museums in the world (Museo Egizio, Museo Nazionale del Cinema, Museo Nazionale di Scienze Naturali), the Savoy Gallery. The city also hosts the Salone Internazionale del Libro, which takes place every year in May in the Centro Congressi Lingotto Fiere.

Asti is located 60 km south-east from Turin, in the Tanaro river valley. The city is known for its beautiful churches such as the Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta (gothic), the Collegiata di San Secondo (where the bones of the patron are preserved) and the complex of San Pietro in Consavia. The city is also blessed by its location on the road connecting Genoa and Turin and is widely known for two wines Asti spumante and Moscato d’Asti. As far as tradition goes, the Palio is a celebration worth seeing.

Vercelli is located on the right bank of the Sesia river and as always been an important agricultural and commercial center, often dubbed the “European capital of rice”. Among the monuments worth visiting are the Duomo (a neoclassical cathedral), the Basilica di Sant’Andrea, the Chiesa di San Cristoforo, Piazza Cavour (built above the old Roman forum), the Torre dell’Angelo, the Castello Visconteo, the Museo Francesco Borgogna and the Biblioteca Agnesiana e Diocesiana.

Alessandria is located in the alluvial plain formed by rivers Tanaro and Bormida. Among the places worth visiting there are Piazza della Libertà, Palatium Vetus, Palazzo del Municipio, Palazzo Ghillini (barocco), Ponte Citadella, Chiesa Cattedrale (Duomo), Santa Maria di Castello and Platano di Napoleone.

Novara is just 15 km from the border with Lombardia. Here one can visit the Basilica di San Gaudenzio (with its dome, 121 m high), the Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta (in neoclassical style) and the Baptistery. Novara is widely known, however for it many industries covering several sectors: food, textile, mechanic and graphic.

In the main cities of Piedmont, as well as in the most known hilly areas, Romolini Immobiliare offers a selection of luxury villas, castles, wine estates, Agriturismos, luxury apartments and exclusive properties for sale.



Among the most beautiful castles in Piedmont, the following are no doubt worth mentioning: Roncalieri, Racconigi, Palazzina di Stupinigi, Venaria Reale, Ponzano, Galbiano, Monticello d’Alba, the Novalese Abbey and San Michele in Val di Susa.

Particularly evocative is the panorama offered by the Sacred Mounts, a network of chapels and churches built between the 16th and 17th century to pay homage to various aspects of Christian faith. What’s more, setting aside the religious significance, the buildings are very interesting from an architectural point of view and are well integrated with the surrounding landscape. The Sacred Mounts in Piedmont are seven: Sacro Monte di Belmonte, Sacro Monte di Crea, Sacro Monte Calvario di Domodossola, Sacro Monte della S.S. Trinità di Ghiffa, Sacro Monte di Oropa, Sacro Monte di Orta and Sacro Monte di Varallo.



Piedmont is well known all over the world not only for its extraordinary beauty, but also for the production of excellent wines, result of a dedicated land with an old tradition. DOCG wines are Barolo, Barbaresco, Asti, Moscato d’Asti, Brachetto, Gavi, Gattinara and Ghemme. Fortyfive DOC wines complete the list: among the best known Barbera di Monferrato, Dolcetto d’Alba, Barbera d’Asti, Cortese and Erbaluce di Caluso.

The Langhe area is a reference point for the national wine production. Nebbiolo grapes are used to produce two of the best red wines in the world: Barolo and Barbaresco.

Other two interesting areas are the one surrounding Asti and the Monferrato. In both areas, Barbera is making progress in leaps and bounds.

Other pleasant wines, while less known, are Grignolino, Freisa and the rare Pelaverga.


The northern part of the region boasts notable terroirs such as Gattinara, Carema and Ghemme. Wines produced in this area are typically strong and with a high alcoholic degree. The only sweet red wine produced is the Malvasia di Casorzo, existing in both the variants Spumante and Passito.

Among black grapes one must recall Albarossa, Aleatico, Avanà, Avarengo, Barbera, Bonarda, Brachetto, Cabernet, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cari, Chatus, Chiavennasca, Croatina, Dolcetto, Doux d’Henry, Freisa, Gamba rossa, Grignolino, Imperatrice dalla Gamba Rossa, Lambrusca di Alessandria, Malvasia di Casorzo, Malvasia di Schierano, Malvasia Nera Lunga, Merlot, Nebbiolo, Nebbiolo di Dronero, Neretta cuneese, Neretto di Bairo, Pelaverga, Pelaverga piccolo, Pinot Noir, Prunent, Quagliano, Riesling, Riesling x Sylvaner, Ruchè, Sangiovese, Sangioveto, Sauvignon blanc, Shiraz, Silvaner, Spanna, Sylvaner, Syrah, Ughetta, Uva rara, Vespolina and Bonarda.

Among the white ones we have Arneis, Barbera bianca, Bianca Fernanda, Chardonnay, Cortese, Erbaluce, Favorita, Moscatello, Moscatellone, Moscato, Moscato Bianco, Moscato reale, Müller-Thurgau, Nascetta, Pinot Bianco, Riesling Italico, Riesling Renano, Rossese bianco, Sauvignon, Sylvaner verde, Timorasso and Manzoni Bianco.

By contacting Romolini Immobiliare it is possible to buy the best wine estates in the most appreciated areas of Piedmont. You can also sell your property with us.



Among the most significant tradition, the main one is without a doubt the Festa del Piemonte. Celebrated since 967 on the third Sunday of June, it also commemorates the Battle of Assietta fought on 19 July 1747 in the Val di Susa which led to the French defeat in the Austrian succession war (Treaty of Aachen 1748). Thousands of people climb 2,556 m of the Assietta to take part in the celebration. The whole celebration involves a historic reenactment of the battle which led to the death of almost 5,000 French soldiers and 200 Austrian-Piedmontese soldiers, in the vain attempt of reaching the summit of the mountain.

Another typical celebration of Piedmont is the Carnevale di Ivrea, widely known for the “Orange battle”. Dating back to 1808, the “battle” symbolizes the popular rebellion against the local nobleman, brought about by using fruits as “weapons”.

Through Romolini Immobiliare you can buy luxury villas, castles, wine estates, Agriturismos with villa, luxury apartments and exclusive properties located in the most prestigious and beautiful places of Piedmont. We offer an ample selection of apartments, luxury houses, exclusive villas, wine estate and castles for sale in Piedmont.


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