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Contatta Romolini Immobiliare


First inhabited by the Etruscans (who made it an important harbor for commerce) and then by the Romans (attracted by the landscape), the Argentario peninsula was extremely appreciated during Middle Ages as a defensive position.

During the 13th century the land was under the rule of the Aldobrandeschi, owners of several fortresses in Maremma. They left their mark with the construction of the fortress of Porto Ercole before the promontory entered the possession of the Orsini family in 1293 as a result of the marriage of Anastasia Aldobrandeschi (last heir to the family). From an economical and social perspective nothing changed, as nothing changed when the peninsula was conquered by Ladislaus of Anjou in 1410.

With Ladislaus’ death (1414) Argentario was inherited by the Sienese Republic together with Orbetello. Attacks of pirated and a not-always-prudent government on the part of Siena led to a progressive impoverishment of the region, further worsened by the frequent epidemics brought back by sailors landing in the docks of the peninsula. After realizing the peninsula had been for them a burden, the Republic tried unsuccessfully to get rid of it. Forced to keep it, Siena resolved to increase the defensive capability of the region with the construction of towers and fortress which however could never effectively contrast pirates’ attacks. With the war between Florence (supported by the Spanish) and Siena (supported by the French) and the defeat of the latter, Argentario became the last bastion of the Republic before being finally conquered by the Spanish army. The region, together with several other coastal possessions (Orbetello, Talamone, Capalbio and the Elba Island), became part of the so-called State of the Presidi, a small defensive country midway between the Medici in Tuscany and the State of the Church on the south.

Between 1563 and 1571 seventeen watchtowers and two fortresses were built, while the Rocca Aldobrandeschi was fortified. These improvements helped keep the French out of the peninsula in 1646 and from that year on Argentario lived in peace for almost 50 years.

The end of the War of the Spanish succession 1714 (Treaty of Rastatt) led Argentario under Austrian dominion until 1738 when Spain obtained the land back. In 1800 the State of the Presidi was included in the Napoleonic Reign of Etruria and as such, it lived until 1815, when the Congress of Vienna entrusted the whole Grand Duchy of Tuscany to the Austrian family of Lorena. The enlightened government of Pietro Leopoldo and his successors led to the reclamation of swamps in Maremma and the construction of the connection between Argentario and Orbetello.

In 1859, with the resigning of Leopoldo II, Argentario ended up in the hands of the Governo Provvisorio Toscano and from here, the following year, it joined the Kingdom of Italy following the referendum.

The position of the promontory which had been its main quality under the Spanish rule was useful to Germans too during World War II. While retreating northward after the Allied landing they set up a supplies centre in Porto Santo Stefano, whose docks were used by the Kriegsmarine. Allies bombed the city almost without interruption from 1943 until mid-1944 and at the end of the conflict 96% of the buildings in the centre had been destroyed or irrecoverably damaged. 


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