Contatta Romolini Immobiliare

THE HEART OF ITALY

Green heart of Italy, Umbria is famous for its hills dotted by beautiful hamlets and castles. Located on top of a hill, Perugia overlooks the entire valley. Symbols of the city are the Rocca Paolina and the Fontana Maggiore, located right at the center of Piazza Grande, between the cathedral and the Palazzo dei Priori and along the main road. Each year, during Umbria Jazz and Eurochocolat, Perugia becomes a destination of choice for many tourists from all around Europe. In this mélange of ancient and modern, Romolini Immobiliare offers the opportunity of buying not only apartments in the historic centre, but also ancient palaces and luxury villas in the outskirts of the city. Just a few kilometers from Perugia is located one of the most famous Umbrian towns, Assisi. Hometown of Saint Francis, this city-shrine overlooking the Tiber Valley was listed a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000. The Basilica di San Francesco is the reference point and main attraction of the city. Not far from the border with Tuscany, one can visit towns such as Citerna and Città di Castello, hometown of Alberto Burri. On a hill perched over the Valdichiana and the Trasimeno Lake, is located Città della Pieve, famous for a notable Renaissant painter dubbed “il Perugino”. Romolini Immobiliare is proud to offer farmhouses and luxury villas for sale in the green landscapes often painted by Renaissant painters. Montone, Todi, Narni and Spello are just a few of the many medieval towns nestled on the Umbrian hills. Among the most beautiful towns of Umbria, one worth noting is Spoleto. The Duomo of Spoleto with its impressive bell tower is located at the bottom of a long stone staircase leading to the square of the Rocca Albornoziana. In the province of Terni is located another interesting town, Orvieto, where one can still visit the Etruscan necropolis and the Pozzo di San Patrizio.

 

UMBRIA: A PEARL IN THE HEART OF ITALY

Umbria is located in the middle of the Italian peninsula and is one of the few regions without access to the sea. It borders with Marche, Tuscany and Lazio and is characterized by a hilly and mountainous landscape, interrupted in the middle by the Tiber river. Naturalisticly speaking, the most fascinating places of the region are the Trasimeno Lake, the Piediluco lake, the Marmore waterfalls, the National Park of Monti Sibillini and other six natural parks: monte Cucco, monte Subasio, Lago Trasimeno, Parco di Colfiorito, the Tiber fluvial park and the Nera fluvial park. The provinces are just two (Perugia and Terni) but there are many interesting city throughout the whole region. The land, being mainly hilly, has always allowed the cultivation if vines and olive trees.

Agriculture, while occupying a minimal part of the population, has nonetheless an important role in the regional economy. Main productions are wine (such as Orvieto, Torgiano, Colli del Trasimeno, Montefalco), oil, wheat, beetroot, sunflowers and tobacco. Another important activity is the black truffle harvesting (particularly in the areas of Norcia and Spoleto).

Industrial production is varied even if pretty localized in the area of Terni (steelworks, machineries and chemical factories), Foligno (railways and aeronautic), the upper Tiber Valley (leather and clothes), Perugia (chocolate and confectionery), Bastia (animal feed) and Sangemini/Gualdo Tadino (mineral waters).

Important factories deal with ceramics (mainly in Deruta), wrought iron (in primis Gubbio and Orvieto), wood crafting, furniture (mainly in the upper Tiber Valley) and clothes. Leading sector of the economy, however, is tourism: Umbria is mostly appreciated in the world for its wonderful landscapes, its historical, cultural and religious heritage and the excellence of its cuisine.

Wonders listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites are:

- Assisi with its Franciscan cult places (Basilica di San Francesco, Cattedrale di San Rufino, Basilica di Santa Chiara, Abbazia di San Pietro, Chiesa di Santa Maria della Minerva e Convento di Santa Chiara), the Basilica di Santa Maria degli Angeli and Palazzo del Capitano.

- The Chiesa di San Salvatore in Spoleto and the Tempietto di Clitunno in Campetello, both part of the ampler site “Longobards in Italy: Places of Power”.

Umbria is rich in monasteries. The most important are San Pietro in Perugia, Sassovivo near Foligno, Santa Maria di Valdiponte a Montelabate (near Perugia), San Benedetto del Monte Subasio (not far from Assisi), San Salvatore in Monte Corona and the abbey in Petroia (near Città di Castello). Let’s not forget the Basilica and monastery of Saint Rita of Cascia, the Madonna del Transito in Canoscio, the Saint Valentine Basilica in Terni, the Santuario di Santa Maria delle Grazie in Città di Castello and the two shrines of the Lady of Fatima in Città della Pieve.

Umbria was the homeland of Saint Francis, Santa Rita of Cascia, Saint Valentine, Saint Benedict of Nursia, the painter Bernardino di Betto (better known as “Pinturicchio”) and the mercenary Niccolò Piccinino.

By contacting Romolini Immobiliari you can buy farmhouses, luxury villas, castles, luxury apartments, Agriturismos, manors, old hamlets, farms, wine estates, palaces, Relais with pool and park, historic villas, country houses with pool, lake view villas, manors with vineyards, hotels with pool, old convent, bed & breakfast and old abbeys in the most fascinating locations of Umbria.

 

A BIT OF HISTORY

Umbria was already inhabited in the Neolithic period, however it’s just with the 2nd millennium B.C. we can talk of civilization. Born from the union of Proto-Celtic and Proto-Germanic populations, the Umbri settled down in the region that would take their name by founding numerous cities nowadays still visible: Amelia, Assisi, Foligno, Spoleto, Todi…

Starting from the 4th century B.C. the Etruscan presence in the region started to grow and the Umbri saw their possessions quickly narrow down. The Etruscans took possession of several pre-existing centers, fortifying them: we must recall Perugia, Orvieto and Volumni among the most important ones.

In 299 B.C. the armies of Rome entered the region. The coalition between Umbri, Samnites, Senones and Etruscans could nothing against Rome and the battle of Sentinum (295 B.C.) established Roman domination over Umbria.

Under the Roman rule, Umbria was theater of several battles: in 220 B.C. the armies of Rome clashed against Hannibal near the Trasimeno Lake, in 217 B.C. a harsh battle was fought near Plestia and in 40 B.C. Augustus besieged Mark Antony’s last fortress, Perugia.

At the beginning of the Imperial age part of the region was included in the Regio VI and as such it lived until the fall of Rome (even if borders didn’t match up with current ones).

With barbaric invasions, Umbria underwent the same crisis striking the rest of the peninsula and then rose up again with the Ostrogothic Kingdom first and the Langobardic Kingdom later. In 571 a.D. the Longobards decreed the institution of the Duchy of Spoleto, divided from the Duchy of Tuscia by the Byzantine corridor.

With the descent of Charlemagne and the Longobards’ defeat in 774 Umbria was gifted to the pope, while leaving an unspecified “right of supremacy” to the emperor which will ignite conflicts between Church and Empire in the following years. These fights between Guelphs and Ghibellines set for a long time Perugia against Foligno and Assisi.

Peace came back to Umbria during the 14th century with the rise of the Signori, technically independent but subjected to vassalage towards the Papal state. Among the most renowned families we must cite the Monaldeschi (Orvieto), the Vitelli (Città di Castello) and the Gabrielli (Gubbio). In 1441 the town of Sansepolcro was surrendered to Florence by the pope Eugene IV, marking the definitive passage of the city into the Tuscan territory.

The Papal state kept control of the region without interruption until the Risorgimento. The only two parentheses (after all very brief) took place during the Napoleonic domination of Italy at the beginning of the 19th century. After that, the Papacy always managed to repress any riot (both in 1848 and 1859) keeping a strong authority over its territory.

The entrance of Piedmontese troops in Perugia (September 14, 1860) brought the region under control of the newborn Kingdom of Italy, with the annexation officially accepted by popular referendum on November.

 

PERUGIA AND TERNI

Umbria is one of the smallest regions of Italy (fifth from the last for extension) and is split into only two provinces: Perugia and Terni. The region is dotted by towns and cities where Romolini Immobiliare offers an ample selection of luxury villas, castles, palaces, luxury apartments, ancient hamlets, historic villas, farmhouses, medieval towers, mills, lake view villas and bed & breakfast for sale.

Perugia is the administrative center of the region, a city full of beauties and a real gem in Central Italy. Perugia hosts a plethora of monuments and treasures testifying its long and incredible history. The most important among religious buildings is San Lorenzo’s Cathedral, built between the 14th and 15th century, housing several works from notable painters (such as the Descent from the Cross by Federico Barocci). Other buildings worth mentioning are San Severo’s church, San Domenico’s church, the Saint Peter Basilica and monastery, the Sant’Angelo Temple and the San Bernardino Oratory.

One of the most known symbols of Perugia is the Fontana Maggiore: it was built in the 13th century by Nicola and Giovanni Pisano at the center of Piazza IV Novembre and is made by two basins in white and pink stone topped by a bronze basin with three nymphs holding an amphora. Right next to the fountain one can see the Palazzo dei Priori, a beautiful gothic-styled palace housing the communal offices, the National Gallery of Umbria, the Collegio della Mercanzia and the Collegio del Cambio.

The main road of the city is Corso Vannucci. Among other monuments and landmarks we must not forget the Etruscan archway, the Rocca Paolina (with its underground rooms), the Etruscan Well (a hydraulic masterwork measuring 37 m in depth and 5 m in diameter), the Torre del Cassero, the ramparts (both Etruscan and medieval), the Giardino Carducci, Palazzo Gallenga-Stuart, Porta San Pietro, the Torre degli Sciri, the old aqueduct, Via delle Volte della Pace.Perugia hosts one of the most ancient and renowned Universities (instituted back in 1308) and the most important university for foreign students in Italy.

Terni is mostly known for its steel mills and is a very important industrial center, but can also boasts a beautiful historic centre and a green landscape. The city hosts the mortal remains of Saint Valentine and is thus considered the city of lovers.

Places worth visiting are Palazzo Manassei (and its archaeological museum), the remains of the Faustus amphitheater, Palazzo Spada, Palazzo Mazzancolli, Palazzo Carrara, Palazzo Gazzoli, the Lancia di Luce obelisk, the Cathedral (Chiesa di Santa Maria Assunta), Saint Francis’ church, Saint Lawrence’s church, Saint Peter’s church and the archaeological museum. This goes without forgetting about the beautiful squares, the old entrance doors, the Torre dei Castello and the Barbarossa Tower.

 

OTHER BEAUTIFUL LOCATIONS OF UMBRIA

Umbria is known for the presence of many small but really unique villages. In all these locations, through Romolini Immobiliare you can buy luxury villas, castles, convents, luxury apartments, Agriturismos, manors, farms, wine estates, palaces, Relais with pool and park, historic mansions, small medieval hamlets, farmhouses with pool, towers, old mills, country houses, villas with park, luxury houses with terrace, hotels with pool, farmhouses, bed & breakfasts, old abbeys.

- Assisi is a city known all around the world and visited by tourists and pilgrim from all around the globe, hometown of Saint Francis and Saint Clare. The symbol of Assisi is without any doubt the Saint Francis’ Basilica, housing some of the most beautiful masterworks of Italy. Among the religious buildings, many other are worth mentioning: the Saint Clare’s Basilica, Saint Rufino’s Basilica, the Chiesa di Santa Maria degli Angeli and the Chiesa di Santa Maria Maggiore. Non-religious places worth visiting are the Palazzo dei Priori, Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo, the Roman Amphitheater, the Torre del Popolo, the Eremo delle Carceri, Minerva’s Temple, Piazza del Comune, the Thermal baths, the Rocca Maggiore and, of course, the Rocca Minore.

- Gubbio is the crossbowmen’s town. The most fascinating landmarks of the city are the Cattedrale dei Santi Mariano e Giacomo (a Gothic-styled church), Palazzo Ducale, Palazzo dei Consoli, Palazzo Pretorio, the Roman theater, the Fools Fountain (named after the Fools License, awarded to anybody running around the fountain three times), Sant’Ubaldo’s house, the old walls, Parco Ranghiasci, Sant’Ubaldo’s Basilica and the old blacksmithing boutiques in the historic centre.

- Spoleto is famous for the beautiful medieval town and the Albornoz Keep. The most important monuments of the town are the Santa Maria Assunta Cathedral, the San Salvatore Basilica, San Ansano’s Church, Ponte delle Torri, the Mascherone fountain, Palazzo Comunale and the Roman theater.

- Foligno is known for its notable religious and political buildings. Among the most beautiful landmarks in town there are San Feliciano Cathedral, the San Domenico Auditorium, San Domenico’s Church, the Palazzo Comunale, the Oratorio della Nunziatella, the Chiesa Santa Maria di Betlem, Saint Paul’s Church and the Sassovivo Abbey.

- Orvieto is nestled up on a tufaceous cliff and boasts an incredible cultural heritage. Places worth visiting are the Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta (a gothic church with impressive decorations), Palazzo Soliano, Palazzo Papale, the Crocifisso del Tufo necropolis, the remains of the old Albornoz keep and Saint Patrick’s Well.

- Città di Castello is the most important municipality of the upper Tiber Valley and boast an interesting historic centre, full of monuments and landmarks. The most fascinating places in Città di Castello are the Marian Shrine of Santa Maria delle Grazie, the Cathedral of Saints Florido and Amanzio with its peculiar cylindrical tower, the Museo Capitolare, Saint Francis’ church, Palazzo dei Priori, the Civic Tower, Palazzo del Podestà, Palazzo Vitelli, the Episcopal Palace and the Pinacoteca Nazionale. Pride of Città di Castello is the Burri Collection, housed in the elegant Renaissant Palazzo Albizzini and made up of almost 257 masterworks. Around the city are located the Santuario della Madonna del Belvedere, the Santuario della Madonna di Canoscio, the Church of Saint Mary and Sant’Egidio in Petroia, Castello Bufalini and Villa Montesca.

- Todi is dubbed the green heart of Umbria, boasting a historic centre which makes it stand out almost as an independent region. The symbols of the city are Piazza del Popolo, San Fortunato’s church (in whose crypt Jacopone da Todi is buried), Santa Maria Assunta cathedral, the Temple of Santa Maria della Consolazione, the Montesanto convent, Palazzo dei Priori, Palazzo del Popolo and the remains of the Umbrian-Etruscan walls still visible in a few points.

- Città della Pieve is a typical medieval town whose first traces date back to the 7th century. Particularly beautiful are the 14th century ramparts and the nice alleys of the historic centre. Symbol of the old town is the Cathedral of the Saints Gervasio and Protrasio. Among the most beautiful places we must note the Palazzo della Corgna, the Torre del Pubblico, the Convent and Saint Francis’ church. Città della Pieve boasts the narrowest alley of Italy, Via Baciadonne.

- Norcia is built right under the Monti Sibillini, is one of the culinary Eden of Italy, homeland of the “norcineria” (which mainly indicated the processing of pork meats), of white truffle, cheeses and lentils.

 

Many other hamlets, often small but very interesting, are worth visiting in Umbria: San Gemini, Narni, Amelia, Torgiano, Giano dell’Umbria, Avigliano Umbro (with the Romanesque church of Sant’Egidio), Spello (a famous thermal location, enriched by a rich network of decorated alleys), Bevagna (where each year the medieval Mercato delle Gaite is reenacted), Deruta (known all over the world for its nice ceramics), Montefalco (famous for its wine), Bettona, Trevi (a beautiful town enclosed by Roman and medieval walls and surrounded by olive groves), Campello sul Clitunno (UNESCO World Heritage Site thanks to the beautiful temples located on the shores of the homonym river), Panicale, Tuoro sul Trasimeno, Arrone and the archaeological site of Carsulae (located in the province of Terni and dating back to the first years of the Roman Empire).

Among the symbols of Umbria we must list the Marmore Waterfalls, a Roman hydraulic masterwork from the 3rd century. Made up of three jumps (165 m in height) it takes origin from the Velino River merging with the Nera and is one of the most evocative places of Italy.

 

THE TRASIMENO LAKE

The Trasimeno is the fourth Italian lake in order of surface (roughly 128 km2) but is characterized by shallow waters. Aside from its beauty, the lake offers the possibility of taking part in several water sports (sailing, windsurf, waterski, canoeing, swimming), but also trekking and mountain-biking. The Trasimeno Lake hosts three islands: Isola Polvese, Isola Maggiore and Isola Minore.

Passignano sul Trasimeno is located on the northern shore of the basin and is the most beautiful town on the lake. Among the most beautiful sights in town are the medieval walls, the 15th-century Chiesa di San Rocco, the San Bernardino Church and the Shrine of Maria Santissima dei Miracoli. However, the whole town is worth visiting.

- Castiglione del Lago is built on a calcareous promontory on the western shore of the lake and is a typical medieval town, with well preserved walls and a unique historic centre. Landmarks worth visiting are the Rocca and the Castello del Leone, San Domenico’s Church and the Ducal Palace (Palazzo della Corgna).

- Magione is located on the eastern shore of the lake. Places worth visiting are the Castello dei Cavalieri di Malta, Saint John Baptist’s Church, the Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie and the Lambardi Tower.

On the shores of the Trasimeno lake, Romolini Immobiliare offers farmhouses, luxury villas, castles, Agriturismos, manors, old hamlets, farms, wine estate, historic villas, resorts with pool, lake view villas, country houses, villas with park and bed & breakfast.

 

UMBRIA AND ITS WINE: A WORLDWIDE EXCELLENCE

Winemaking in Umbria has a long tradition. Hills and a pleasant climate are the main factor which allowed grape harvesting. The produced wines are all of excellent qualities and are particularly appreciated even abroad. Among the domestic vines we must recall Grechetto, Verdello, Drupeggio, Procanico, Trebbiano Spoletino, Malvasie, Sagrantino, Sangiovese and Ciliegiolo.

Other widespread white grapes in the region are Chardonnay, Garganega, Malvasia, Moscato Pecorina, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Riesling Italico, Tocai and Verdicchio. Among the red ones the most notable are Aleatico, Gamay, Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon, Canaiolo Nero, Cesanese, Colorino, Dolcetto, Merlot, Montepulciano, Pinot Noir and Vernaccia Nera.

- The Torgiano Rosso Riserva DOCG is produced in the area of Torgiano, a particularly suitable area thanks to an excellent esposure to the sun, a pleasant climate and a peculiar soil composition.

- The Montefalco Sagrantino DOCG is produced in the area of Montefalco and the neighboring areas of Bevagna, Gualdo, Castel Ritaldi, Cattaneo and Giano dell’Umbria.

Other notable wines are Assisi DOC, Colli Altotiberini DOC, Colli Amerini DOC, Colli del Trasimeno DOC, Colli Martani DOC, Colli Perugini DOC, Lago di Corbara DOC, Montefalco DOC, Orvieto DOC, Rosso Orvietano DOC and Torgiano DOC.

Among the most famous Umbrian spirits let’s not forget the Amaro al Tertufo Nero (an infusion of herbs and black truffles) and the Vinsanto (obtained from raisins).

In order to exhalt the quality of wine, special itineraries have been instituted: Strada dei Vini Etrusco Romana, Strada del Vino dei Colli del Trasimeno, Strada del Sagrantino e Strada del Cantico.

In al the main areas of wine production, by contacting Romolini Immobiliare, you can buy farmhouses, Agriturismos, manors, old hamlets, farms, wine estates, houses with vineyards, villas wirh park and country houses.

 

In the most beautiful places of Umbria, Romolini Immobiliari offers an ample selection of farmhouses, luxury villas, castles, luxury apartments, Agriturismos, master villas, ancient hamlets, farms, wine estates, palaces, relais, historic villas, farmhouses with pool, towers, resort with pool, farmhouses with vineyards, country houses, farmhouses, villas with park, hotels with pool, mills, bed and breakfast and old abbeys.


UMBRIA REAL ESTATE - PROPERTY FOR SALE IN UMBRIA



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